January 25, 2021

Triwana

General Articles & News

Hinduism in Bali & Tradition

Since the known cultural life in Bali, as noted in historical times, Bali is suspected to have been stained by Hindu influences. Bali really means the ceremony has spawned various forms of ritual that are lived by the people. Although the Hindu community in Bati referred to God by various names but the intended one is still, God Almighty or Ida Sang Hyang WidhiWasa. Lord Brahma, Vishnu and Ciwa called Tri Murti, though three, but related one as a process of birth-on-off or Utpeti-Stiti-Pralina. The deity Nawa Sanga as nine gods occupying 8 The direction of the wind and one in the middle although the split 9 and then become 11 times integrated with the layer of space towards the vertical of the middle or Bhur-Bwah-Swah, is one as the power of God in maintaining the balance of the universe. Similarly, other names and designations are specifically intended to give a degree to the Lord’s power.

Hindus believes that the universe and its contents are creations of God as well as being the gift of God to mankind to make use of it for their survival. Therefore, the Hindu literature Teaches that the universe is always kept alive and its harmony in its understanding is translated in the philosophy of Tri Hita because as the three paths to the perfection of life is human relationship with God, human relation with human beings and human relation with nature environment.

The implementation of various forms of offering ceremonies and adoration to Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa by Hindus is referred to as Yadnya or holy sacrifices/sacrifices in various forms on the basis of genuine conscience. Yadnya implementation is essentially not detached from Tri Hita Karana With the elements of God, the universe and mankind.

Supported by various religious philosophies as the starting point of the teaching of the Almighty God, Hindu teachings outlined the implementation of Yadnya in 5 sections called Panca Yadnya, that is :

1.Dewa Yadnya Offerings and adoration to Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa. The ceremony is generally performed in various temples, Sanggah and exhibition (The Shrine of the family) according to its level. Ceremony Dewa Yadnya is commonly referred to as the Piodalan, Aci or Pujawali.

2. Pitra Yadnya Reverence to ancestors, deceased parents and families, who give birth, nourish and color in one environment of family life. Balinese Hindu people believe that ancestral spirits, deceased parents and families, according to the Karma built during life, will lead to unification with Ida Hyang Widhi Wasa. The family that still live should perform various ceremonies so that the process and the stage of unification is well underway.

3. Rsi Yadnya Offerings and tributes to the wise, clerics, clever cleverly who have established the various foundations of Hindu teachings and ethical order in a form of practice.

4. Manusa Yadnya a procession to nurture, respect and respect yourself and the core family (husband, wife and children). In the journey of the Bali man, he performed various processions since he was in the womb, born, growing up, married, posterity, until death before. Magedong-Gedongan ceremony, the Otonan, the Kelih Menek, Pawiwahan to Ngaben, is a form of Hlindu ceremony in Bali which belongs to the level of Manusa Yadnya.

5. Bhuta Yadnya The procession of offerings and the spiritual nurturing of the power and resources of the universe. Hinduism outlines that humans and the universe are formed from the same elements, namely the Panca Maha Bhuta, consisting of Akasa (vacuum), Bayu (Air), Teja (Hot), affes (liquid substance) and Pertiwi (solid substance). Because human beings have the ability to think (IDEP) then it is humankind that must preserve the universe including other living creatures (animals and plants).

Panca Maha Bhuta, who possesses enormous power, if not controlled and unnourished will inflict disaster on the survival of the universe. This attention to nature is what makes Bhuta Yadnya ceremony often done by Hindus, both incidental and periodic. Bhuta Yadnya has a level ranging from Masegeh ceremony in the form of a small ceremony is done through the day until the ceremony and great Tawur Agung Yan § conducted periodically on the Count of Wuku (1 week), Sasih (1 month), (1 year), the ten years, until One hundred yearly.